Végétarisme et musculation

Joint Position Statement: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly American Dietetic Association), Dietitians of Canada, American College of Sports Medicine (2009) Nutrition and Athletic Performance. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 109(3), p.709-731

Appleby, P.N., Allen, N.E. & Key, T.J. (2011) Diet, Vegetarianism, and Cataract Risk. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 93(5), p.1128-1135

Aune, D., Chan, D.S.M., Lau, R., Vieira, R., Greenwood, D.C., Kampman, E. & Norat, T. (2011) Dietary Fibre, Wholegrains, and Risk of Colorectal Cancer: Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies. British Medical Journal, 343, p.1-20

Barnard, N.D., Cohen, J., Jenkins, D.J.A., Turner-McGrievey, G., Gloede, L., Green, A. & Ferdowsian, H. (2009) A Low Fat Vegan Diet and a Conventional Diabetes Diet in the Treatment of Type II Diabetes: A Randomised, Controlled, 74-wk Clinical Trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 89, p.1588-1596

Bender, D.A. (2002) Nutritional Biochemistry of the Vitamins. Second Edition. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.

British Broadcasting Company (2011) Fauja Singh Becomes Oldest Marathon Runner, [online]17th October. Available at: <>

Burke, D.G., Chilibeck, P.D., Parise, G., Candow, D.G., Mahoney, D. & Tarnopolsky, M. (2003) Effect of Creatine and Weight Training on Muscle Creatine and Performance in Vegetarians. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 35(11), p.1946-1955

Campbell, T.C. & Campbell, T.M. (2006) The China Study: Stunning Implications for Diet, Weight Loss and Long Term Health. Benbella Books.

Cordain, L., Brand-Miller, J. & Eaton, S.B. (2000) Plant-animal subsistence ratios and macronutrient energy estimations in worldwide hunter-gatherers. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71, p.682-692

Cordain, L., Eaton, S.B., Sebastian, A., Mann, N., Lindeberg, S., Watkins, B.A., O’Keefe, J.H. & Brand-Miller, J. (2005) Origins and Evolutions of the Western Diet: health implications for the 21st Century. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 81, p.341-354

Crowe, F.L., Appleby, P.N., Allen, N.E. & Key, T.J. (2011) Diet and risk of diverticular disease in Oxford Cohort of European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): Prospective Study of British Vegetarians and Non-Vegetarians. British Medical Journal, 343, p.4131

De Souza Genaro, P. & Martini, L.A. (2010) Effect of Protein Intake on Bone and Muscle Mass in the Elderly. Nutrition Reviews, 68(10), p.616-623

Endres, J.G. (2001) Soy Protein Products. Characteristics, Nutritional Aspects, and Utilisation. Revised and Expanded Edition. ACOS Press. USA. p.13.

Forbes-Ewan, C. (2002) Effect of Vegetarian Diets on Performance in Strength Sports,, [online] Available at:

Fraser, G.E. (2009) Vegetarian Diets: What Do We Know Of Their Effects On Common Chronic Diseases? The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 89, p.1607-1612

Goyens, P.L.L., Spilker, M.E., Zock, P.L., Katan, M.B. & Mensink, R.P. (2006) Conversion of Alpha Linolenic Acid in humans is influenced by the absolute amounts of Alpha Linolenic Acid and Linoleic Acid in the diet, not by their ratio. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 84, p.44-53

Gropper, S.S., Smith, J.L. & Groff, J.L. (2008) Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism. Fifth Edition. Wadsworth Cengage Learning. USA. p.410. 

Hamilton-Reeves, J.M., Vazquez, G., Duval, S.J., Phipps, W.R., Kurzer, M.S. & Messina, J. (2010) Clinical Studies Show no Adverse Effects of Soy Protein or Isoflavones on Reproductive Hormones in Men: Results of a Metanalysis. Fertility and Sterility, 94(3), p.997-1007

Handelsman, D.J. (2009) Indirect androgen doping by oestrogen blockage in sports. British Journal of Pharmacology, 154(3), p.598-605

Hazra, L.K. (1994) Pali Language and Literature, A Systematic Survey and Historical Study. D.K. Printworld Ltd. New Delhi.

Hebbelinck, M., Clarys, P., Malasche, A. (1999) Growth, Development, and Physical Fitness of Flemish Vegetarian Children, Adolescents and Young Adults. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 70, p.579-585

Henderson, L., Gregory, J. & Swan, G. (2002) The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19-64 Years. Volume 1: Types and Quantities of Foods Consumed. HMSO. London.

Key, T., Appleby, P.N., Davey, G.K., Allen, N.E., Spencer, E.A. & Travis, R.C. (2003) Mortality in British Vegetarians: Review and Preliminary Results from EPIC-Oxford. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 78(3), p.533-538

Key, T.J., Appleby, P.N. & Rosell, M.S. (2006) Health Effects of Vegetarian and Vegan Diets. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 65, p.35-41

Krebs, J.R. (2009) The Gourmet Ape: Evolution and Human Food Preferences. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 90, p.707-711

Lisle, D.J. & Goldhamer, A. (2006) The Pleasure Trap: Mastering the Hidden Force that Undermines Health and Happiness. Book Publishing Co.

Mangels, R., Messina, V. & Messina, M. (2011) The Dietitian’s Guide to Vegetarian Diets: Issues and Applications. Third Edition. Jones & Bartlett Learning LLC, MA.

Milton, K. (1999) A Hypothesis to Explain the Role of Meat-Eating in Human Evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology, 8, p.11-21

Phillips, F. (2005) Vegetarian Nutrition. Nutrition Bulletin, 30, p.132-167

Simopoulos, A.P. (2007) Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Athletics. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 6, p.230-236

Speth, J.D. (1989) Early Hominid Hunting and Scavenging: The Role of Meat as an Energy Source. Journal of Human Evolution, 18, p.329-343

Tang, J.E. & Phillips, S.M. (2009) Maximising Muscle Protein Anabolism: The Role of Protein Quality. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 12(1), p.66-71

Tarnopolsky, M.A., MacDougall, J.D. & Atkinson, S.A. (1988) Influence of protein intake and training status on nitrogen balance and lean body mass. Journal of Applied Physiology, 64(1), p.187-93.

Vegetarian Society (2012) [online]. Available at: <>

Venderley, A.M. & Campbell, W.W. (2006) Vegetarian Diets: Nutritional Considerations for Athletes. Sports Medicine, 36(4), p.293-305

Wieder, R.A. (2010) The Effects of Creatine Supplementation on Muscle Performance During the Transition from an Omnivorous Diet to a Lacto-Ovo-Vegetarian Diet. MSc. Florida State University.

Yadav, Y. & Kumar, S. (2006) The Food Habits of A Nation. The Hindu, 14 Aug. p.1f.